Lake Mattamuskeet's History
Recreation at Lake Mattamuskeet
Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge
The Mattamuskeet Foundation, Inc.
Links to other sites of interest
Lake Mattamuskeet Home Page
New Holland, Higginsport, 
and Mt. Vernon Railroad
n 1916, New Holland Farms, Inc. planned to build a railroad from the pumping plant at the lake to a crossroads called Wenona, in Washington County, about 35 miles from New Holland. They did not get this project underway before selling out in 1918.   

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Survey Crew Lays Out the New Holland Railroad - Click for EnlargmentIn 1918, North Carolina Farms Company hired Karl Lewis Ponzer, C.E., as its chief engineer over the entire lake development project. Ponzer advised the drainage commissioners on pumping and dredging issues and began addressing the engineering needs of the new owners of the lake. From the start, Ponzer enjoyed hunting and fishing in Hyde County.

Ponzer surveyed the railroad line and oversaw the contractor hired to build the 35-mile short line railroad named the New Holland, Higginsport, and Mt. Vernon Railroad, a mouthful for New Holland, Higginsport, and Mt Vernon Railroad Engine No. 100 - Click to Enlargment such a short railroad line. The railroad began operating in 1921, providing freight and passenger service to the people of New Holland and Hyde County. 

When North Carolina Farms Company went into bankruptcy in 1923, scheduled passenger service on the New Holland line ended forever. The next owner, New Holland Corporation, chose not to operate the railroad as a public carrier and used it as a private carrier for their freight.


The Mattamuskeet Foundation, Inc

The Mattamuskeet Foundation, Inc.
4377 Lewis Lane Road, Ayden, NC  28513  USA
Ph: 252.746.4221 // Fax: 252.746.4698

The Mattamuskeet Foundation, Inc. 2001, All Rights Reserved

Creation of this website was partially funded by the
North Carolina Division of Tourism, Film, and Sports Development

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